Calgary, Alberta Population Data & Demographics

This article shows the demographic data and statistics of Calgary. It is a city in Canada that encompasses a land area of 820.62 km2. The city has a population density of 1592.40 people per km2.

We highlight the Calgary city's various population characteristics. From gender, age distribution, ethnicity, household and dwelling, and income to spoken languages, occupation, and religion.

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Population Characteristics

According to the latest census, Calgary has a population of around 1,306,784 people. The city's population is in increased . Between 2016 and 2021, the population of Newfoundland and Labrador has increased by 5.45%.

Population in 2016Population in 2021Difference
1,239,2201,306,784 +5.45%

Population By Genders

The male population of Calgary is around 648,835 while the female population is around 657,950.

Of the 1,306,784 total population in Calgary, the largest gender is female with around 657,950 women within the population.

648,835657,950 +1.39%

Population by Age Characteristics

Calgary has a young population. The majority of the population is people aged 35 to 39 years old, accounting for 8.50% of the total population. The city median age is 38.00.

35 to 39 years54,785 8.40%55,985 8.50% 2.14%110,765 8.50%
30 to 34 years52,030 8.00%53,930 8.20% 3.52%105,960 8.10%
40 to 44 years49,490 7.60%50,595 7.70% 2.18%100,080 7.70%
45 to 49 years45,430 7.00%45,945 7.00% 1.12%91,385 7.00%
25 to 29 years43,930 6.80%44,460 6.80% 1.19%88,385 6.80%
50 to 54 years42,550 6.60%42,175 6.40% 0.88%84,725 6.50%
55 to 59 years41,000 6.30%41,570 6.30% 1.37%82,570 6.30%
10 to 14 years42,055 6.50%39,370 6.00% 6.38%81,425 6.20%
5 to 9 years41,225 6.40%39,365 6.00% 4.51%80,585 6.20%
20 to 24 years40,280 6.20%38,085 5.80% 5.45%78,365 6.00%
60 to 64 years38,450 5.90%39,345 6.00% 2.27%77,790 6.00%
0 to 4 years37,865 5.80%35,980 5.50% 4.98%73,840 5.70%
15 to 19 years37,720 5.80%35,770 5.40% 5.17%73,490 5.60%
65 to 69 years30,410 4.70%31,710 4.80% 4.10%62,120 4.80%
70 to 74 years22,225 3.40%24,270 3.70% 8.43%46,495 3.60%
75 to 79 years13,485 2.10%15,485 2.40% 12.92%28,965 2.20%
85 years and over7,540 1.20%12,875 2.00% 41.44%20,420 1.60%
80 to 84 years8,370 1.30%11,035 1.70% 24.15%19,405 1.50%
85 to 89 years4,995 0.80%7,625 1.20% 34.49%12,620 1.00%
90 to 94 years2,115 0.30%4,110 0.60% 48.54%6,225 0.50%
95 to 99 years390 0.10%990 0.20% 60.61%1,375 0.10%
100 years and over45 0.00%155 0.00% 70.97%195 0.00%

Broader Age Groups

If the city's population is divided into broader age groups, most of the population falls into the 15 to 64 years age group. The group accounts for 68.40% of the population. The other age groups, 0 to 14 years and 65 years and over, account for 18.00% and 13.60%, respectively.

If we look at the population data from the broader age groups, we can see that most people in Calgary are within the 15 to 64 years age group.

15 to 64 years68.70%68.10%68.40%
Average age of the population38.20%39.50%38.80%
Median age of the population37.60%38.80%38.00%
0 to 14 years18.70%17.40%18.00%
65 years and over12.60%14.50%13.60%

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Population of Calgary by Ethnicity and Origin

The population of Calgary is quite diverse, which contributes to the city's vibrant cultural landscape. Calgary is inclusive and accepts various ethnic groups with open arms. Furthermore, the province appreciates the unique contributions that each ethnicity brings.

The top 5 ethnicities and origins in the province are English, which accounts for 15.95% of the total population, followed by Scottish (13.74%), Irish (11.91%), German (11.38%), and Canadian (9.71%).

Other ethnicities and origins in Newfoundland and Labrador include Chinese, French, Filipino, Indian (India), and Ukrainian.

Ethnicity and OriginMaleFemalePercentage in Population
Indian (India)5.60%5.41%5.51%

Household and Dwelling Characteristics

About 276,050 of Calgary's population live in a single-detached house. In addition, most of them are living in 2 persons household.

Household Size

About 15.90% of the population lives in 2 persons households. 1 person households ranked second, accounting for 13.20% of the population. 3 persons, 4 persons, and 5 or more persons households account for 7.95%, 7.90%, and 5.00%, respectively.

Number of Person(s) in HouseholdTotalPercentage
2 persons159,95515.90%
1 person132,69513.20%
3 persons80,0207.95%
4 persons79,5657.90%
5 or more persons50,0705.00%

Income in Calgary

Analyzing income distribution in Calgary can help us better understand its socioeconomic dynamics.

Per Capita Income

According to 2020 data, the median personal income within Calgary is $44,400.

A region's per capita data sheds light on the average income earned per person living in it. Since per capita income is calculated by dividing the region's total income by its population, it quantifies the population's economic situation on an individual basis.

Such data offers insights into the city's economic performance, spread of income across individuals, quality of life, as well as disparities within its borders.

Most of Calgary population or around 666,115 people falls in the $10,000 to $29,999 group. The next largest groups are the $30,000 to $49,999, and $50,000 to $79,999 with around 604,160 and 575,020 people, respectively.

Household Income

The Calgary's median household income is $98,000, according to 2020 data.

The data provides important insights into the city's economic landscape as well as the living standards of its population.

Analyzing such data enables researchers, policymakers, and businesses to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the city's income distribution, disparities, and trends.

Education Levels in Calgary

This data sheds light on the distribution of Calgary residents across educational milestones.

Such information is crucial in shaping the province’s policies on education, workforce development strategies, and initiatives that aim to improve access to quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities.

66.20% or most of the Calgary population has a Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. 39.30% of the population has a Bachelor's degree or higher, 23.65% has a High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate, and 10.15% has No certificate, diploma or degree.

Only using 25% sample data.
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree566,025606,0151,172,03566.20%
Bachelor's degree or higher328,745365,000693,74539.30%
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate220,825210,395431,22523.65%
No certificate, diploma or degree98,97091,745190,71510.15%

Employment in Calgary

This dataset provides a snapshot of employment trends in Calgary. It encompasses a wide range of sectors, industries, as well as job categories.

The data shows that the unemployment rate in Newfoundland and Labrador is at 8.65% which is very high.

Only using 25% sample data.
Employment rate60.46%
Unemployment rate8.65%

Working as an Employee

The table shows the data on the total number of individuals in the city who work as an employee. The majority of Calgary's population (around 68.30%) are working permanent position as an employee.


In the city, there are 66,635 men and 42,130 women working as self-employed individuals, bringing the total number to 108,770.

Only using 25% sample data.

Employment Industry Sectors

The Calgary industry employment sector census data offers insights into the region's economic landscape. The distribution of employment in Calgary is categorized and quantified, which reveals the region's economic composition.

Calgary has a wide range of industries. Most of its population (13%) works in the health care and social assistance sector. The Professional, scientific and technical services sector comes second at 12%, followed by Retail trade at 11%.

Only using 25% sample data.
Health care and social assistance18,06572,84513%
Professional, scientific and technical services48,65535,31012%
Retail trade38,77041,34011%
Transportation and warehousing34,22512,6106%
Educational services14,69032,0056%
Accommodation and food services19,58523,2006%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction20,86011,5454%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services17,85513,6404%
Other services (except public administration)12,56017,4154%
Finance and insurance12,32514,1254%
Public administration12,26511,9203%
Wholesale trade15,4006,8953%
Arts, entertainment and recreation7,3457,1252%
Real estate and rental and leasing7,9656,2152%
Information and cultural industries7,5855,2052%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1,5901,0500%
Management of companies and enterprises9951,2500%

Places of Work

The data offers insights into the commuting patterns as well as workplace distribution in the city. It provides a snapshot of workplaces, showing their geographic distribution and the flow of workers across different areas.

Only using 25% sample data.
Work LocationMenWomenTotalPercentage
Usual place of work177,790186,730364,51557.10%
Worked at home89,91592,100182,01528.50%
No fixed workplace address66,14523,50589,65014.00%
Worked outside Canada1,8006602,4600.40%


The data sheds light on how Calgary residents travel to school or work. It highlights the frequency of different modes of transportation like walking, cycling, carpooling, and public transit.

The data is pivotal in the making of transportation policies as well as the development of transit systems. Ultimately commuting data contributes to improving the quality of life of Calgary residents and sustainable urban planning.

Commuting Duration

This data reveals the average time that the residents of Calgary spend traveling to their workplaces. It also sheds light on the efficiency of the city's public transit systems, and road networks, as well as the accessibility of the city.

Only using 25% sample data.
15 to 29 minutes46.90%
30 to 44 minutes22.00%
Less than 15 minutes21.50%
60 minutes and over5.00%
45 to 59 minutes4.60%

Marital Status

The statistics on marital status in Calgaryshed light on its societal dynamics. It captures the diverse types of marital statuses of the population.

Long-term commitments, such as common-law partnerships, civil unions, and marriages, reflect the city's social fabric. We can gain insights into Calgary's changing preferences and norms by examining the trends in marital status.

Married or living common-law
Married or living common-law

Language Spoken

The data below highlights city's linguistic diversity, showing elegances of solo language as well as bilingual harmonies. Other than language, it also shows the cultural landscape in Canada.

English is the most spoken official language in Calgary. About 1,240,980 people living in the province speak English, 31,705 people speak Neither English nor French, 16,810 people speak French language, and 6,620 people speak English and French language.

Neither English nor French31,705
English and French6,620


Calgary is predominantly Christian. About 575,250 of its population is Christian (270,555 males and 270,555 females).

The second largest religion in the province is Muslim with 7.4% of the population adhering to the religion. There are also Sikh and Hindu, both represent 3.8% and 2.6% of the population, while Buddhist represent 1.6% of the population.