Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Population Data & Statistics

This is the population and demographic data and statistics for Newfoundland and Labrador, a province in Canada with a land area of 358,170.37 km2 and has a population density of 1.40 people per km2.

The data includes average age, age distribution, marital status, individual and household income, spoken languages, employment and unemployment rates, occupations, religion, and various other characteristics.

Newfoundland and Labrador location on the map. View in Google Map

About Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador, one of Canada’s easternmost provinces, is a captivating blend of rugged landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and warm, welcoming communities. This maritime gem boasts a unique identity, deeply rooted in its history and geography.

With a population characterized by its resilience and strong sense of community, this province has long been known for its hospitable locals, often referred to as “Newfies” or “Labradorians.”

Stretching across vast coastal regions, Newfoundland and Labrador encompasses a wide range of ecosystems, from lush boreal forests to towering fjords and icy Arctic tundras. It’s a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and nature photographers, where encounters with moose, puffins, and even majestic icebergs are common.

As Canada’s youngest province, having joined the Confederation in 1949, it brings a dynamic energy that reflects both its heritage and its forward-looking spirit. The province’s capital, St. John’s, is North America’s easternmost city and a vibrant hub of arts, culture, and cuisine.

Newfoundland and Labrador is renowned for its historical significance, particularly in relation to early European exploration and the fishing industry. Visitors can explore centuries-old fishing villages, lighthouses, and archaeological sites that tell stories of the past.

Outdoor enthusiasts flock to this province for its hiking trails, kayaking routes, and world-class whale-watching opportunities. The rugged beauty of Gros Morne National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a testament to the province’s natural wonders.

Whether you’re strolling along the colorful row houses of St. John’s, savoring a fresh catch of cod, or hiking the challenging East Coast Trail, Newfoundland and Labrador offers a unique blend of culture and nature that’s sure to leave a lasting impression.

Photos of Places & Sceneries in Newfoundland and Labrador

Population Characteristics

Based on the latest census, it is estimated the total population in Newfoundland and Labrador is around 510,550 people.

On the table below, we can see that the total population of Newfoundland and Labrador in 2021 census have decreased -1.76% compared to the 2016 census.

Population in 2016Population in 2021Difference
519,716510,550 --1.76%

Population By Genders

Of the 510,550 total population in Newfoundland and Labrador, the largest gender is female with around 260,475 women within the population.

250,075260,475 -3.99%

Population by Age Characteristics

Of the 519,716 population in Newfoundland and Labrador, majority of them are in the age of 60 to 64 years years old, with 8.30% of them are male and 8.40% female. While the median age of the whole population is 48.40.

0 to 4 years9,760 3.90%9,225 3.50% 5.48%18,985 3.70%
5 to 9 years11,750 4.70%11,280 4.30% 4.00%23,030 4.50%
10 to 14 years13,535 5.40%12,640 4.90% 6.61%26,175 5.10%
15 to 19 years13,275 5.30%12,445 4.80% 6.25%25,720 5.00%
20 to 24 years13,555 5.40%12,515 4.80% 7.67%26,075 5.10%
25 to 29 years12,610 5.00%12,440 4.80% 1.35%25,045 4.90%
30 to 34 years13,520 5.40%14,005 5.40% 3.46%27,525 5.40%
35 to 39 years14,205 5.70%15,240 5.90% 6.79%29,445 5.80%
40 to 44 years14,775 5.90%16,115 6.20% 8.32%30,890 6.10%
45 to 49 years16,485 6.60%17,510 6.70% 5.85%33,995 6.70%
50 to 54 years18,685 7.50%19,685 7.60% 5.08%38,375 7.50%
55 to 59 years20,530 8.20%21,615 8.30% 5.02%42,150 8.30%
60 to 64 years20,695 8.30%21,830 8.40% 5.20%42,520 8.30%
65 to 69 years19,715 7.90%20,735 8.00% 4.92%40,450 7.90%
70 to 74 years16,600 6.60%17,805 6.80% 6.77%34,405 6.70%
75 to 79 years10,585 4.20%11,780 4.50% 10.14%22,365 4.40%
80 to 84 years5,960 2.40%7,280 2.80% 18.13%13,240 2.60%
85 years and over3,820 1.50%6,335 2.40% 39.70%10,155 2.00%
85 to 89 years2,835 1.10%3,910 1.50% 27.49%6,745 1.30%
90 to 94 years835 0.30%1,880 0.70% 55.59%2,710 0.50%
95 to 99 years135 0.10%485 0.20% 72.16%620 0.10%
100 years and over15 0.00%65 0.00% 76.92%80 0.00%

Broader Age Groups

If we look at the population data from the broader age groups, we can see that most people in Newfoundland and Labrador are within the 15 to 64 years age group.

0 to 14 years14.00%12.70%13.40%
15 to 64 years63.30%62.70%63.00%
65 years and over22.70%24.50%23.60%
Average age of the population44.70%46.30%45.50%
Median age of the population47.60%49.20%48.40%

Explore Newfoundland and Labrador Through Videos

Population of Newfoundland and Labrador by Ethnicity and Origin

In Newfoundland and Labrador, the population data reflects a diverse range of ethnicities, contributing to the vibrant cultural landscape. Newfoundland and Labrador embraces various ethnic groups, each adding to its dynamic societal fabric.

The population statistics underscore the importance of this multicultural diversity, emphasizing Newfoundland and Labrador's dedication to inclusivity and the appreciation of distinct contributions that each ethnicity brings to the shared narrative of the area.

Here are the top 10 ethnicities in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Ethnicity and OriginMaleFemalePercentage in Population
Caucasian (White)5.19%5.39%5.29%
British Isles3.69%3.60%3.65%
First Nations (North American Indian)2.10%2.20%2.15%

Household and Dwelling Characteristics

Of the population in Newfoundland and Labrador, which totals 519,716, the majority, consisting of 161,410 people live in a single-detached house. Additionally, the majority of them are living in households with a size of 2 persons.

Household Size

Number of Person(s) in HouseholdTotalPercentage
1 person62,29013.95%
2 persons90,92520.35%
3 persons35,0807.85%
4 persons25,5555.70%
5 or more persons9,4002.10%

Income in Newfoundland and Labrador

The population data in a region can offer valuable insights when analyzed in relation to income levels. By examining the income distribution within Newfoundland and Labrador, we can gain a deeper understanding of the socioeconomic dynamics at play.

Per Capita Income

The median individual income in Newfoundland and Labrador is $36,800 (according to the 2020 data).

Per capita income data in a region provides a comprehensive snapshot of the average income earned by each individual residing within that area. By dividing the total income generated in the region by its population, per capita income quantifies the economic well-being of the population on an individual basis.

This data not only reflects the region's overall economic performance but also offers insights into income distribution, quality of life, and potential disparities.

Household Income

The median household income in Newfoundland and Labrador is $71,500 (according to the 2020 data).

Household income data in a Newfoundland and Labrador provides crucial insights into the economic landscape and living standards of its residents. By analyzing this data, policymakers, researchers, and businesses in Canada gain a comprehensive understanding of income distribution, socioeconomic disparities, and trends within Newfoundland and Labrador.

Education Levels in Newfoundland and Labrador

This data captures the distribution of individuals across various educational milestones, such as high school diplomas, college degrees, and beyond.

This information is pivotal in shaping educational policies, workforce development strategies, and initiatives aimed at enhancing access to quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities within Newfoundland and Labrador.

Only using 25% sample data.
Bachelor's degree or higher52,46575,505127,97018.70%
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate87,92097,200185,12026.00%
No certificate, diploma or degree63,92058,590122,51016.50%
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree188,780205,325394,11057.45%

Employment in Newfoundland and Labrador

This comprehensive dataset offers a detailed snapshot of Newfoundland and Labrador's employment trends, encompassing various sectors, industries, and job categories.

From the table below, we can see that unemployment rate is only at 8.54% which is very high acccording to experts.

Only using 25% sample data.
Employment rate47.54%
Unemployment rate8.54%

Working as an Employee

This table provides the data on how many people in Newfoundland and Labrador working as an employee. Most of them (63.10%) are working permanent position as an employee.


On the other hand, this table provides the data on how many people in Newfoundland and Labrador working self-employed.

Only using 25% sample data.

Employment Industry Sectors

The industry employment sectors census data provides valuable insights into the diverse economic landscape of a specific region in Newfoundland and Labrador. By categorizing and quantifying the distribution of employment across various sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, technology, education, and more, this data illuminates the region's economic composition.

As we can see from the table below, most of the people (17%) in Newfoundland and Labrador are working in the health care and social assistance sector.

Only using 25% sample data.
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting7,1302,2904%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction8,1251,5904%
Wholesale trade3,5701,2102%
Retail trade13,22016,73012%
Transportation and warehousing8,9552,8655%
Information and cultural industries1,4951,2401%
Finance and insurance1,5303,0802%
Real estate and rental and leasing1,2858451%
Professional, scientific and technical services6,6804,8455%
Management of companies and enterprises1351300%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services4,5052,9703%
Educational services5,56511,6357%
Health care and social assistance6,89533,34517%
Arts, entertainment and recreation1,8951,8752%
Accommodation and food services6,0059,3106%
Other services (except public administration)4,7205,1604%
Public administration10,87510,8509%

Places of Work

data provides valuable insights into commuting patterns and workplace distribution within Newfoundland and Labrador. This data offers a comprehensive view of where individuals are employed, shedding light on the geographic distribution of workplaces and the flow of workers across various areas.

Only using 25% sample data.
Work LocationMenWomenTotalPercentage
Worked at home11,39515,39026,78513.00%
Worked outside Canada355704250.20%
No fixed workplace address22,5608,62031,18515.10%
Usual place of work67,15580,735147,88571.70%


This data reveals crucial information about how residents in Newfoundland and Labrador travel to work or school, highlighting the prevalence of various modes of transportation such as carpooling, public transit, cycling, and walking.

This data aids in the formulation of targeted transportation policies and the development of efficient transit systems, ultimately contributing to sustainable urban planning and enhancing the overall quality of life for residents in the region.

Commuting Duration

The commuting duration captures the average time individuals spend traveling to their workplaces, shedding light on the efficiency of public transit systems, road networks, and the overall accessibility of the region.

Only using 25% sample data.
Less than 15 minutes51.40%
15 to 29 minutes31.10%
30 to 44 minutes8.80%
45 to 59 minutes2.80%
60 minutes and over5.80%

Marital Status

Delving into the marital status statistics within Newfoundland and Labrador offers a multifaceted lens onto societal dynamics. This intricate data repository encapsulates the diverse array of marital bonds within the locale.

Long-term commitments, such as marriages, civil unions, and common-law partnerships, coalesce into a mosaic that mirrors the region's social fabric. By examining trends in marital status, we can discern evolving norms and preferences around Newfoundland and Labrador area, gauging the ebb and flow between tradition and modernity.

Married or living common-law
Married or living common-law

Language Spoken

This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

In Newfoundland and Labrador, the most used official language is English. Around 501,645 people in the area speak English.

English and French345
Neither English nor French705


This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

The most common religion in Newfoundland and Labrador is Christian. Around 413,915 people in Newfoundland and Labrador are Christian (199,150 males and 199,150 females).


Cities in Newfoundland and Labrador

Towns in Newfoundland and Labrador