Nova Scotia, Canada Population Data & Statistics

This is the population and demographic data and statistics for Nova Scotia, a province in Canada with a land area of 52,824.71 km2 and has a population density of 18.40 people per km2.

The data includes average age, age distribution, marital status, individual and household income, spoken languages, employment and unemployment rates, occupations, religion, and various other characteristics.

Nova Scotia location on the map. View in Google Map

About Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia, the beautiful maritime jewel of Canada, has long tempted travelers and settlers alike with its sweeping coastlines and deep-rooted history. Resting on the country’s eastern coast, this province seamlessly melds the charm of old-world traditions with the vibrancy of modern living.

Boasting a population of just under one million, it might be easy to overlook Nova Scotia in favor of Canada’s larger, more bustling provinces. Yet, that would be a mistake. The unique blend of Gaelic, Indigenous, and Acadian cultures crafts an enchanting tapestry of traditions, festivities, and folklore that few places can rival.

From the Cabot Trail’s winding roads, enveloped by breathtaking highland vistas and dramatic coastal cliffs, to the bustling streets of Halifax, echoing with melodies of folk music and the tantalizing aroma of fresh seafood, Nova Scotia has something for everyone. Its residents, known for their warmth and friendliness, stand as the living testament to the province’s rich tapestry of cultures.

But it’s not just about scenery and culture; it’s about potential and promise. Nova Scotia is a hub for industries as diverse as its people. From the rapidly growing tech sector in Halifax to the traditional fisheries that have sustained communities for centuries, the economic tapestry is as intricate as it is robust.

The province’s educational institutions, like Dalhousie University and Saint Francis Xavier University, act as beacons of learning, drawing students from all over the world. The synergy between these academic institutions and burgeoning industries propels Nova Scotia into a future that promises growth and innovation.

Nevertheless, while modernity is embraced, the province’s history is revered. The echoes of the past can be heard in the rhythm of the waves crashing against Peggy’s Cove, seen in the intricate architecture of Lunenburg, and felt in the poignant stories of the Mi’kmaq people.

For those seeking an immersive experience, be it through business, travel, or academic pursuits, this eastern Canadian haven promises both familiarity and discovery in equal measure.

Photos of Places & Sceneries in Nova Scotia

Population Characteristics

Based on the latest census, it is estimated the total population in Nova Scotia is around 969,383 people.

On the table below, we can see that the total population of Nova Scotia in 2021 census have increased 4.96% compared to the 2016 census.

Population in 2016Population in 2021Difference
923,598969,383 +4.96%

Population By Genders

Of the 969,383 total population in Nova Scotia, the largest gender is female with around 497,650 women within the population.

471,730497,650 +5.21%

Population by Age Characteristics

Of the 923,598 population in Nova Scotia, majority of them are in the age of 55 to 59 years years old, with 7.90% of them are male and 8.00% female. While the median age of the whole population is 45.60.

0 to 4 years20,610 4.40%19,735 4.00% 4.25%40,340 4.20%
5 to 9 years24,055 5.10%23,015 4.60% 4.32%47,070 4.90%
10 to 14 years25,505 5.40%23,795 4.80% 6.70%49,300 5.10%
15 to 19 years24,770 5.30%23,410 4.70% 5.49%48,180 5.00%
20 to 24 years30,115 6.40%27,890 5.60% 7.39%58,005 6.00%
25 to 29 years30,375 6.40%30,050 6.00% 1.07%60,430 6.20%
30 to 34 years29,295 6.20%30,285 6.10% 3.27%59,575 6.10%
35 to 39 years27,960 5.90%29,790 6.00% 6.14%57,755 6.00%
40 to 44 years26,900 5.70%29,515 5.90% 8.86%56,420 5.80%
45 to 49 years28,415 6.00%30,785 6.20% 7.70%59,200 6.10%
50 to 54 years30,595 6.50%33,175 6.70% 7.78%63,775 6.60%
55 to 59 years37,205 7.90%39,870 8.00% 6.68%77,080 8.00%
60 to 64 years37,085 7.90%39,850 8.00% 6.94%76,935 7.90%
65 to 69 years32,735 6.90%35,665 7.20% 8.22%68,395 7.10%
70 to 74 years28,295 6.00%31,140 6.30% 9.14%59,435 6.10%
75 to 79 years18,400 3.90%20,925 4.20% 12.07%39,325 4.10%
80 to 84 years11,095 2.40%14,040 2.80% 20.98%25,130 2.60%
85 years and over8,325 1.80%14,715 3.00% 43.43%23,035 2.40%
85 to 89 years5,860 1.20%8,740 1.80% 32.95%14,595 1.50%
90 to 94 years2,050 0.40%4,300 0.90% 52.33%6,345 0.70%
95 to 99 years375 0.10%1,435 0.30% 73.87%1,805 0.20%
100 years and over50 0.00%245 0.00% 79.59%290 0.00%

Broader Age Groups

If we look at the population data from the broader age groups, we can see that most people in Nova Scotia are within the 15 to 64 years age group.

0 to 14 years14.90%13.40%14.10%
15 to 64 years64.20%63.20%63.70%
65 years and over21.00%23.40%22.20%
Average age of the population43.20%45.20%44.20%
Median age of the population44.40%46.80%45.60%

Explore Nova Scotia Through Videos

Population of Nova Scotia by Ethnicity and Origin

In Nova Scotia, the population data reflects a diverse range of ethnicities, contributing to the vibrant cultural landscape. Nova Scotia embraces various ethnic groups, each adding to its dynamic societal fabric.

The population statistics underscore the importance of this multicultural diversity, emphasizing Nova Scotia's dedication to inclusivity and the appreciation of distinct contributions that each ethnicity brings to the shared narrative of the area.

Here are the top 10 ethnicities in Nova Scotia.

Ethnicity and OriginMaleFemalePercentage in Population
Caucasian (White)5.97%6.09%6.03%
British Isles3.36%3.38%3.37%

Household and Dwelling Characteristics

Of the population in Nova Scotia, which totals 923,598, the majority, consisting of 272,980 people live in a single-detached house. Additionally, the majority of them are living in households with a size of 2 persons.

Household Size

Number of Person(s) in HouseholdTotalPercentage
1 person131,85015.40%
2 persons166,47519.45%
3 persons61,7007.20%
4 persons45,7005.35%
5 or more persons22,5002.65%

Income in Nova Scotia

The population data in a region can offer valuable insights when analyzed in relation to income levels. By examining the income distribution within Nova Scotia, we can gain a deeper understanding of the socioeconomic dynamics at play.

Per Capita Income

The median individual income in Nova Scotia is $38,000 (according to the 2020 data).

Per capita income data in a region provides a comprehensive snapshot of the average income earned by each individual residing within that area. By dividing the total income generated in the region by its population, per capita income quantifies the economic well-being of the population on an individual basis.

This data not only reflects the region's overall economic performance but also offers insights into income distribution, quality of life, and potential disparities.

Household Income

The median household income in Nova Scotia is $71,500 (according to the 2020 data).

Household income data in a Nova Scotia provides crucial insights into the economic landscape and living standards of its residents. By analyzing this data, policymakers, researchers, and businesses in Canada gain a comprehensive understanding of income distribution, socioeconomic disparities, and trends within Nova Scotia.

Education Levels in Nova Scotia

This data captures the distribution of individuals across various educational milestones, such as high school diplomas, college degrees, and beyond.

This information is pivotal in shaping educational policies, workforce development strategies, and initiatives aimed at enhancing access to quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities within Nova Scotia.

Only using 25% sample data.
Bachelor's degree or higher147,140202,855349,99527.05%
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate173,010171,215344,22025.65%
No certificate, diploma or degree103,13085,045188,17513.40%
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree364,675429,715794,38560.95%

Employment in Nova Scotia

This comprehensive dataset offers a detailed snapshot of Nova Scotia's employment trends, encompassing various sectors, industries, and job categories.

From the table below, we can see that unemployment rate is only at 7.58% which is quite high acccording to experts.

Only using 25% sample data.
Employment rate51.90%
Unemployment rate7.58%

Working as an Employee

This table provides the data on how many people in Nova Scotia working as an employee. Most of them (69.20%) are working permanent position as an employee.


On the other hand, this table provides the data on how many people in Nova Scotia working self-employed.

Only using 25% sample data.

Employment Industry Sectors

The industry employment sectors census data provides valuable insights into the diverse economic landscape of a specific region in Nova Scotia. By categorizing and quantifying the distribution of employment across various sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, technology, education, and more, this data illuminates the region's economic composition.

As we can see from the table below, most of the people (15%) in Nova Scotia are working in the health care and social assistance sector.

Only using 25% sample data.
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting13,8903,9904%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction2,7303351%
Wholesale trade8,1703,2302%
Retail trade26,95032,04012%
Transportation and warehousing15,5104,4204%
Information and cultural industries4,6953,5652%
Finance and insurance6,48510,0003%
Real estate and rental and leasing3,4903,0801%
Professional, scientific and technical services17,37514,0256%
Management of companies and enterprises2803700%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services12,9358,6004%
Educational services11,69526,7308%
Health care and social assistance12,72057,87515%
Arts, entertainment and recreation4,4454,6002%
Accommodation and food services12,68017,3306%
Other services (except public administration)9,34010,0604%
Public administration23,42518,6359%

Places of Work

data provides valuable insights into commuting patterns and workplace distribution within Nova Scotia. This data offers a comprehensive view of where individuals are employed, shedding light on the geographic distribution of workplaces and the flow of workers across various areas.

Only using 25% sample data.
Work LocationMenWomenTotalPercentage
Worked at home39,78048,36088,13520.70%
Worked outside Canada8102351,0400.20%
No fixed workplace address44,13513,17557,31013.50%
Usual place of work134,235144,470278,70565.50%


This data reveals crucial information about how residents in Nova Scotia travel to work or school, highlighting the prevalence of various modes of transportation such as carpooling, public transit, cycling, and walking.

This data aids in the formulation of targeted transportation policies and the development of efficient transit systems, ultimately contributing to sustainable urban planning and enhancing the overall quality of life for residents in the region.

Commuting Duration

The commuting duration captures the average time individuals spend traveling to their workplaces, shedding light on the efficiency of public transit systems, road networks, and the overall accessibility of the region.

Only using 25% sample data.
Less than 15 minutes38.40%
15 to 29 minutes36.70%
30 to 44 minutes15.40%
45 to 59 minutes4.70%
60 minutes and over4.80%

Marital Status

Delving into the marital status statistics within Nova Scotia offers a multifaceted lens onto societal dynamics. This intricate data repository encapsulates the diverse array of marital bonds within the locale.

Long-term commitments, such as marriages, civil unions, and common-law partnerships, coalesce into a mosaic that mirrors the region's social fabric. By examining trends in marital status, we can discern evolving norms and preferences around Nova Scotia area, gauging the ebb and flow between tradition and modernity.

Married or living common-law
Married or living common-law

Language Spoken

This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

In Nova Scotia, the most used official language is English. Around 926,860 people in the area speak English.

English and French2,320
Neither English nor French3,030


This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

The most common religion in Nova Scotia is Christian. Around 556,115 people in Nova Scotia are Christian (256,255 males and 256,255 females).


Towns in Nova Scotia