Quebec, Canada Population Data & Statistics

This is the population and demographic data and statistics for Quebec, a province in Canada with a land area of 1,298,599.75 km2 and has a population density of 6.50 people per km2.

The data includes average age, age distribution, marital status, individual and household income, spoken languages, employment and unemployment rates, occupations, religion, and various other characteristics.

Quebec location on the map. View in Google Map

About Quebec

Located in the northeastern part of Canada, Quebec stands out as one of the country’s most vibrant and unique provinces. With a rich tapestry of history, culture, and natural beauty, it is a magnet for both locals and international visitors.

The population of Quebec, as of the latest census, is over 8.5 million residents. This number speaks to its role as a major economic, cultural, and political player in Canada. The blend of French and English heritage has given rise to a diverse population, firmly rooted in its past yet always looking forward.

As Canada’s largest province by area, Quebec boasts an array of landscapes. From the bustling metropolis of Montreal, known for its festivals and arts scene, to the historic Quebec City with its fortified walls, to the expansive northern tundras, the province is a marvel of contrasts. The St. Lawrence River, meandering through its heart, has played a pivotal role in shaping the economic and social fabric of the region.

The influence of Quebec is not merely limited to its geographic expanse or its population density. It extends to its distinct identity in the realm of Canadian politics and its powerful role in shaping the nation’s discourse. The Charter of the French Language, for example, is a testament to Quebec’s commitment to preserving its linguistic and cultural heritage in a predominantly English-speaking nation.

Education and healthcare are other pillars upon which Quebec places significant emphasis. Its array of esteemed universities and robust healthcare system are illustrative of a province committed to the welfare of its citizens. The natural resources sector, including forestry, mining, and hydroelectric power, further underscores its economic prowess and the importance it holds in the broader Canadian landscape.

One cannot discuss Quebec without acknowledging its vibrant arts scene. The world-renowned Montreal Jazz Festival, the cinematic endeavors of filmmakers like Denis Villeneuve, and the literary contributions of authors such as Louise Penny are all a testament to Quebec’s rich cultural tapestry.

Quebec, as a province, is much more than just a geographical entity on the Canadian map. Its robust population, expansive landscapes, economic might, and cultural contributions make it a cornerstone of the Canadian identity. Whether one is drawn to its history, its arts, or its natural wonders, Quebec invariably leaves an indelible mark on its visitors and residents alike.

Photos of Places & Sceneries in Quebec

Population Characteristics

Based on the latest census, it is estimated the total population in Quebec is around 8,501,833 people.

On the table below, we can see that the total population of Quebec in 2021 census have increased 4.13% compared to the 2016 census.

Population in 2016Population in 2021Difference
8,164,3618,501,833 +4.13%

Population By Genders

Of the 8,501,833 total population in Quebec, the largest gender is female with around 4,299,870 women within the population.

4,201,9604,299,870 +2.28%

Population by Age Characteristics

Of the 8,164,361 population in Quebec, majority of them are in the age of 60 to 64 years years old, with 7.30% of them are male and 7.40% female. While the median age of the whole population is 43.20.

0 to 4 years217,145 5.20%205,840 4.80% 5.21%422,980 5.00%
5 to 9 years245,295 5.80%233,665 5.40% 4.74%478,955 5.60%
10 to 14 years250,855 6.00%238,570 5.50% 4.90%489,425 5.80%
15 to 19 years219,400 5.20%209,995 4.90% 4.29%429,400 5.10%
20 to 24 years235,250 5.60%225,405 5.20% 4.18%460,660 5.40%
25 to 29 years266,455 6.30%260,700 6.10% 2.16%527,150 6.20%
30 to 34 years267,770 6.40%268,270 6.20% 0.19%536,040 6.30%
35 to 39 years274,350 6.50%276,075 6.40% 0.62%550,425 6.50%
40 to 44 years286,405 6.80%286,160 6.70% 0.09%572,565 6.70%
45 to 49 years259,565 6.20%256,905 6.00% 1.02%516,465 6.10%
50 to 54 years262,610 6.20%260,325 6.10% 0.87%522,935 6.20%
55 to 59 years307,230 7.30%308,465 7.20% 0.40%615,690 7.20%
60 to 64 years307,710 7.30%317,900 7.40% 3.21%625,610 7.40%
65 to 69 years264,020 6.30%277,950 6.50% 5.01%541,970 6.40%
70 to 74 years217,985 5.20%237,910 5.50% 8.38%455,900 5.40%
75 to 79 years153,790 3.70%177,050 4.10% 13.14%330,840 3.90%
80 to 84 years90,825 2.20%119,580 2.80% 24.05%210,405 2.50%
85 years and over75,305 1.80%139,115 3.20% 45.87%214,415 2.50%
85 to 89 years50,610 1.20%81,150 1.90% 37.63%131,755 1.50%
90 to 94 years20,490 0.50%44,535 1.00% 53.99%65,020 0.80%
95 to 99 years3,875 0.10%11,790 0.30% 67.13%15,665 0.20%
100 years and over330 0.00%1,640 0.00% 79.88%1,975 0.00%

Broader Age Groups

If we look at the population data from the broader age groups, we can see that most people in Quebec are within the 15 to 64 years age group.

0 to 14 years17.00%15.80%16.40%
15 to 64 years63.90%62.10%63.00%
65 years and over19.10%22.10%20.60%
Average age of the population41.80%43.70%42.80%
Median age of the population42.00%44.00%43.20%

Explore Quebec Through Videos

Population of Quebec by Ethnicity and Origin

In Quebec, the population data reflects a diverse range of ethnicities, contributing to the vibrant cultural landscape. Quebec embraces various ethnic groups, each adding to its dynamic societal fabric.

The population statistics underscore the importance of this multicultural diversity, emphasizing Quebec's dedication to inclusivity and the appreciation of distinct contributions that each ethnicity brings to the shared narrative of the area.

Here are the top 10 ethnicities in Quebec.

Ethnicity and OriginMaleFemalePercentage in Population
French Canadian7.04%7.13%7.09%
Caucasian (White)1.84%1.77%1.80%
First Nations (North American Indian)1.57%1.75%1.66%

Household and Dwelling Characteristics

Of the population in Quebec, which totals 8,164,361, the majority, consisting of 1,671,920 people live in a single-detached house. Additionally, the majority of them are living in households with a size of 1 person.

Household Size

Number of Person(s) in HouseholdTotalPercentage
1 person1,317,50517.55%
2 persons1,295,73017.30%
3 persons480,1356.40%
4 persons427,6055.70%
5 or more persons228,0603.05%

Income in Quebec

The population data in a region can offer valuable insights when analyzed in relation to income levels. By examining the income distribution within Quebec, we can gain a deeper understanding of the socioeconomic dynamics at play.

Per Capita Income

The median individual income in Quebec is $40,800 (according to the 2020 data).

Per capita income data in a region provides a comprehensive snapshot of the average income earned by each individual residing within that area. By dividing the total income generated in the region by its population, per capita income quantifies the economic well-being of the population on an individual basis.

This data not only reflects the region's overall economic performance but also offers insights into income distribution, quality of life, and potential disparities.

Household Income

The median household income in Quebec is $72,500 (according to the 2020 data).

Household income data in a Quebec provides crucial insights into the economic landscape and living standards of its residents. By analyzing this data, policymakers, researchers, and businesses in Canada gain a comprehensive understanding of income distribution, socioeconomic disparities, and trends within Quebec.

Education Levels in Quebec

This data captures the distribution of individuals across various educational milestones, such as high school diplomas, college degrees, and beyond.

This information is pivotal in shaping educational policies, workforce development strategies, and initiatives aimed at enhancing access to quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities within Quebec.

Only using 25% sample data.
Bachelor's degree or higher1,315,0051,621,1602,936,16526.50%
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate1,107,4101,127,4702,234,87519.20%
No certificate, diploma or degree960,310821,4051,781,70515.00%
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree3,555,5603,781,1107,336,66565.80%

Employment in Quebec

This comprehensive dataset offers a detailed snapshot of Quebec's employment trends, encompassing various sectors, industries, and job categories.

From the table below, we can see that unemployment rate is only at 4.84% which is pretty low acccording to experts.

Only using 25% sample data.
Employment rate59.27%
Unemployment rate4.84%

Working as an Employee

This table provides the data on how many people in Quebec working as an employee. Most of them (71.90%) are working permanent position as an employee.


On the other hand, this table provides the data on how many people in Quebec working self-employed.

Only using 25% sample data.

Employment Industry Sectors

The industry employment sectors census data provides valuable insights into the diverse economic landscape of a specific region in Quebec. By categorizing and quantifying the distribution of employment across various sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, technology, education, and more, this data illuminates the region's economic composition.

As we can see from the table below, most of the people (14%) in Quebec are working in the health care and social assistance sector.

Only using 25% sample data.
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting55,05523,9902%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction21,2003,6951%
Wholesale trade96,67050,6703%
Retail trade248,905265,18512%
Transportation and warehousing161,11548,3305%
Information and cultural industries57,49536,6302%
Finance and insurance74,02095,9604%
Real estate and rental and leasing35,45027,5751%
Professional, scientific and technical services193,365151,9858%
Management of companies and enterprises2,6752,9350%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services104,69566,6454%
Educational services104,300236,5908%
Health care and social assistance122,675494,52514%
Arts, entertainment and recreation38,81033,8902%
Accommodation and food services109,950122,5305%
Other services (except public administration)89,730100,7354%
Public administration144,705146,0557%

Places of Work

data provides valuable insights into commuting patterns and workplace distribution within Quebec. This data offers a comprehensive view of where individuals are employed, shedding light on the geographic distribution of workplaces and the flow of workers across various areas.

Only using 25% sample data.
Work LocationMenWomenTotalPercentage
Worked at home435,285462,480897,77021.90%
Worked outside Canada5,9802,3808,3550.20%
No fixed workplace address333,730108,305442,03510.80%
Usual place of work1,351,3601,400,9302,752,28567.10%


This data reveals crucial information about how residents in Quebec travel to work or school, highlighting the prevalence of various modes of transportation such as carpooling, public transit, cycling, and walking.

This data aids in the formulation of targeted transportation policies and the development of efficient transit systems, ultimately contributing to sustainable urban planning and enhancing the overall quality of life for residents in the region.

Commuting Duration

The commuting duration captures the average time individuals spend traveling to their workplaces, shedding light on the efficiency of public transit systems, road networks, and the overall accessibility of the region.

Only using 25% sample data.
Less than 15 minutes31.50%
15 to 29 minutes34.80%
30 to 44 minutes19.90%
45 to 59 minutes7.40%
60 minutes and over6.50%

Marital Status

Delving into the marital status statistics within Quebec offers a multifaceted lens onto societal dynamics. This intricate data repository encapsulates the diverse array of marital bonds within the locale.

Long-term commitments, such as marriages, civil unions, and common-law partnerships, coalesce into a mosaic that mirrors the region's social fabric. By examining trends in marital status, we can discern evolving norms and preferences around Quebec area, gauging the ebb and flow between tradition and modernity.

Married or living common-law
Married or living common-law

Language Spoken

This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

In Quebec, the most used official language is French. Around 6,909,570 people in the area speak French.

English and French329,515
Neither English nor French79,000


This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

The most common religion in Quebec is Christian. Around 5,385,240 people in Quebec are Christian (2,596,385 males and 2,596,385 females).