British Columbia, Canada Population Data & Statistics

This is the population and demographic data and statistics for British Columbia, a province in Canada with a land area of 920,686.55 km2 and has a population density of 5.40 people per km2.

The data includes average age, age distribution, marital status, individual and household income, spoken languages, employment and unemployment rates, occupations, religion, and various other characteristics.

British Columbia location on the map. View in Google Map

About British Columbia

Known for its rugged coastline, verdant forests, and towering mountain ranges, British Columbia is more than just a natural playground. This westernmost province of Canada offers a complex tapestry of cultures, industries, and histories, all coalescing to create a unique Canadian experience.

At its heart lies a dynamic populace, a reflection of its rich history and diverse cultural influences. Recent figures indicate that the British Columbia population has been steadily growing, a testament to its appeal and the opportunities it presents. From bustling urban centers like Vancouver and Victoria to quaint small towns tucked away amidst natural wonders, British Columbia caters to all.

The province’s economy has been historically grounded in natural resources. Timber, mining, and fisheries have long been the pillars. However, in recent years, technology, tourism, and film industries have started gaining prominence, further diversifying its economic landscape. The fusion of traditional and modern industries presents a fascinating study of a province in constant evolution.

Culturally, British Columbia is as varied as its landscapes. Indigenous communities have been present here for thousands of years, their histories intertwined with the land itself. Alongside them, waves of immigrants from various parts of the world have found a home in the province, each bringing their own traditions, cuisines, and narratives. The melding of these cultures gives British Columbia its distinct identity, setting it apart from its Canadian counterparts.

Education and research are not left behind in this forward-looking province. Institutions like the University of British Columbia rank among the top global universities, driving innovation and fostering the next generation of thought leaders.

In terms of governance, British Columbia, like other provinces in Canada, enjoys a level of autonomy, enabling it to chart its course in many domestic matters. Its political landscape is as varied as its physical one, with discourse and policies often reflecting its diverse population’s values and priorities.

To truly appreciate British Columbia, one must look beyond the postcard-perfect images of its landscapes. The heartbeat of the province lies in its people, industries, and the rich tapestry of stories they weave. It’s a province constantly on the move, ever-evolving, and beckoning those with a sense of adventure and curiosity.

In conclusion, British Columbia stands as a testament to the richness of Canada’s provinces, showcasing how nature, history, and human enterprise can come together to forge something truly magnificent.

Photos of Places & Sceneries in British Columbia

Population Characteristics

Based on the latest census, it is estimated the total population in British Columbia is around 5,000,879 people.

On the table below, we can see that the total population of British Columbia in 2021 census have increased 7.59% compared to the 2016 census.

Population in 2016Population in 2021Difference
4,648,0555,000,879 +7.59%

Population By Genders

Of the 5,000,879 total population in British Columbia, the largest gender is female with around 2,543,365 women within the population.

2,457,5152,543,365 +3.38%

Population by Age Characteristics

Of the 4,648,055 population in British Columbia, majority of them are in the age of 30 to 34 years years old, with 7.30% of them are male and 7.10% female. While the median age of the whole population is 42.80.

0 to 4 years111,015 4.50%105,805 4.20% 4.69%216,825 4.30%
5 to 9 years125,810 5.10%118,485 4.70% 5.82%244,290 4.90%
10 to 14 years132,425 5.40%123,365 4.90% 6.84%255,790 5.10%
15 to 19 years131,245 5.30%122,445 4.80% 6.71%253,690 5.10%
20 to 24 years151,505 6.20%143,145 5.60% 5.52%294,650 5.90%
25 to 29 years170,500 6.90%166,585 6.50% 2.30%337,090 6.70%
30 to 34 years178,925 7.30%179,660 7.10% 0.41%358,585 7.20%
35 to 39 years175,175 7.10%178,175 7.00% 1.68%353,350 7.10%
40 to 44 years156,480 6.40%163,260 6.40% 4.15%319,740 6.40%
45 to 49 years149,520 6.10%160,515 6.30% 6.85%310,035 6.20%
50 to 54 years158,540 6.50%170,460 6.70% 6.99%329,005 6.60%
55 to 59 years172,520 7.00%183,825 7.20% 6.15%356,345 7.10%
60 to 64 years170,210 6.90%184,920 7.30% 7.95%355,130 7.10%
65 to 69 years152,705 6.20%166,700 6.60% 8.40%319,405 6.40%
70 to 74 years130,370 5.30%141,995 5.60% 8.19%272,365 5.40%
75 to 79 years86,060 3.50%95,015 3.70% 9.42%181,075 3.60%
80 to 84 years55,285 2.20%65,780 2.60% 15.95%121,055 2.40%
85 years and over49,225 2.00%73,235 2.90% 32.78%122,465 2.40%
85 to 89 years32,315 1.30%42,005 1.70% 23.07%74,315 1.50%
90 to 94 years13,715 0.60%23,120 0.90% 40.68%36,840 0.70%
95 to 99 years2,865 0.10%6,925 0.30% 58.63%9,790 0.20%
100 years and over330 0.00%1,185 0.00% 72.15%1,515 0.00%

Broader Age Groups

If we look at the population data from the broader age groups, we can see that most people in British Columbia are within the 15 to 64 years age group.

0 to 14 years15.00%13.70%14.30%
15 to 64 years65.70%65.00%65.30%
65 years and over19.30%21.30%20.30%
Average age of the population42.20%43.90%43.10%
Median age of the population41.60%44.00%42.80%

Population of British Columbia by Ethnicity and Origin

In British Columbia, the population data reflects a diverse range of ethnicities, contributing to the vibrant cultural landscape. British Columbia embraces various ethnic groups, each adding to its dynamic societal fabric.

The population statistics underscore the importance of this multicultural diversity, emphasizing British Columbia's dedication to inclusivity and the appreciation of distinct contributions that each ethnicity brings to the shared narrative of the area.

Here are the top 10 ethnicities in British Columbia.

Ethnicity and OriginMaleFemalePercentage in Population
Indian (India)5.75%5.49%5.61%
British Isles3.89%3.88%3.89%

Household and Dwelling Characteristics

Of the population in British Columbia, which totals 4,648,055, the majority, consisting of 866,340 people live in a single-detached house. Additionally, the majority of them are living in households with a size of 2 persons.

Household Size

Number of Person(s) in HouseholdTotalPercentage
1 person600,70514.70%
2 persons719,86517.65%
3 persons296,2007.25%
4 persons256,7006.30%
5 or more persons168,3554.10%

Income in British Columbia

The population data in a region can offer valuable insights when analyzed in relation to income levels. By examining the income distribution within British Columbia, we can gain a deeper understanding of the socioeconomic dynamics at play.

Per Capita Income

The median individual income in British Columbia is $40,800 (according to the 2020 data).

Per capita income data in a region provides a comprehensive snapshot of the average income earned by each individual residing within that area. By dividing the total income generated in the region by its population, per capita income quantifies the economic well-being of the population on an individual basis.

This data not only reflects the region's overall economic performance but also offers insights into income distribution, quality of life, and potential disparities.

Household Income

The median household income in British Columbia is $85,000 (according to the 2020 data).

Household income data in a British Columbia provides crucial insights into the economic landscape and living standards of its residents. By analyzing this data, policymakers, researchers, and businesses in Canada gain a comprehensive understanding of income distribution, socioeconomic disparities, and trends within British Columbia.

Education Levels in British Columbia

This data captures the distribution of individuals across various educational milestones, such as high school diplomas, college degrees, and beyond.

This information is pivotal in shaping educational policies, workforce development strategies, and initiatives aimed at enhancing access to quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities within British Columbia.

Only using 25% sample data.
Bachelor's degree or higher962,1951,179,2502,141,44531.80%
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate969,385963,4101,932,78527.65%
No certificate, diploma or degree414,720367,600782,32510.75%
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree1,977,5552,199,6154,177,17061.60%

Employment in British Columbia

This comprehensive dataset offers a detailed snapshot of British Columbia's employment trends, encompassing various sectors, industries, and job categories.

From the table below, we can see that unemployment rate is only at 5.33% which is quite high acccording to experts.

Only using 25% sample data.
Employment rate57.94%
Unemployment rate5.33%

Working as an Employee

This table provides the data on how many people in British Columbia working as an employee. Most of them (67.30%) are working permanent position as an employee.


On the other hand, this table provides the data on how many people in British Columbia working self-employed.

Only using 25% sample data.

Employment Industry Sectors

The industry employment sectors census data provides valuable insights into the diverse economic landscape of a specific region in British Columbia. By categorizing and quantifying the distribution of employment across various sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, technology, education, and more, this data illuminates the region's economic composition.

As we can see from the table below, most of the people (12%) in British Columbia are working in the health care and social assistance sector.

Only using 25% sample data.
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting38,58021,7352%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction20,6104,3501%
Wholesale trade53,13027,0353%
Retail trade142,230158,83011%
Transportation and warehousing108,09534,1355%
Information and cultural industries43,80027,4953%
Finance and insurance41,27554,2904%
Real estate and rental and leasing31,51527,6402%
Professional, scientific and technical services131,495107,1509%
Management of companies and enterprises2,7403,0400%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services62,86547,3504%
Educational services62,310130,5457%
Health care and social assistance64,150255,37512%
Arts, entertainment and recreation30,21530,5602%
Accommodation and food services78,435103,6707%
Other services (except public administration)50,10063,6804%
Public administration70,79571,9405%

Places of Work

data provides valuable insights into commuting patterns and workplace distribution within British Columbia. This data offers a comprehensive view of where individuals are employed, shedding light on the geographic distribution of workplaces and the flow of workers across various areas.

Only using 25% sample data.
Work LocationMenWomenTotalPercentage
Worked at home262,840287,005549,84522.60%
Worked outside Canada6,7853,27510,0650.40%
No fixed workplace address277,86095,615373,47515.30%
Usual place of work717,240782,9801,500,21561.60%


This data reveals crucial information about how residents in British Columbia travel to work or school, highlighting the prevalence of various modes of transportation such as carpooling, public transit, cycling, and walking.

This data aids in the formulation of targeted transportation policies and the development of efficient transit systems, ultimately contributing to sustainable urban planning and enhancing the overall quality of life for residents in the region.

Commuting Duration

The commuting duration captures the average time individuals spend traveling to their workplaces, shedding light on the efficiency of public transit systems, road networks, and the overall accessibility of the region.

Only using 25% sample data.
Less than 15 minutes31.80%
15 to 29 minutes34.00%
30 to 44 minutes19.70%
45 to 59 minutes7.30%
60 minutes and over7.20%

Marital Status

Delving into the marital status statistics within British Columbia offers a multifaceted lens onto societal dynamics. This intricate data repository encapsulates the diverse array of marital bonds within the locale.

Long-term commitments, such as marriages, civil unions, and common-law partnerships, coalesce into a mosaic that mirrors the region's social fabric. By examining trends in marital status, we can discern evolving norms and preferences around British Columbia area, gauging the ebb and flow between tradition and modernity.

Married or living common-law
Married or living common-law

Language Spoken

This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

In British Columbia, the most used official language is English. Around 4,718,195 people in the area speak English.

English and French18,145
Neither English nor French158,820


This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

The most common religion in British Columbia is Christian. Around 1,684,870 people in British Columbia are Christian (766,705 males and 766,705 females).