Hamilton, Ontario Population Data & Demographics

This article shows the demographic data and statistics of Hamilton. It is a city in Canada that encompasses a land area of 1,118.31 km2. The city has a population density of 509.10 people per km2.

We highlight the Hamilton city's various population characteristics. From gender, age distribution, ethnicity, household and dwelling, and income to spoken languages, occupation, and religion.

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About Hamilton

Hamilton, one of the prominent cities in Canada, boasts a dynamic landscape both in terms of its physical geography and the character of its population. Located in the province of Ontario, the city offers an intriguing blend of urban and natural spaces.

The population of Hamilton is an amalgamation of cultures, with people from all walks of life calling it home. While the city is diverse in its populace, it maintains a sense of community and unity. The people here are known for their warm hospitality, openness to innovation, and an unyielding spirit of resilience.

A significant aspect that fuels the vibrancy of Hamilton is its economy. Traditionally, the city was known for its steel industry, earning it the title of “Steel City”. Over the decades, however, Hamilton has witnessed an economic transformation. While the steel industry continues to play a pivotal role, other sectors have burgeoned, diversifying the city’s economic portfolio. Education, healthcare, technology, and arts are just a few of the sectors that have seen substantial growth.

Hamilton’s urban core offers a blend of historical architecture and modern developments. The city’s downtown is buzzing with activity – from art galleries and museums to chic cafes and unique boutiques. Yet, it doesn’t take long for one to find themselves amidst nature. The city’s location along the Niagara Escarpment offers outdoor enthusiasts an array of activities to engage in, from hiking and cycling to bird watching.

Hamilton’s strategic location makes it a hub for trade and transportation. Its proximity to the U.S. border, major highways, and ports bolsters its position as a vital city in the economic fabric of Canada.

To say that Hamilton is just another city in Ontario would be an understatement. It’s a city that epitomizes growth, diversity, and innovation. Whether you’re a visitor or a resident, the pulse of Hamilton’s streets, the warmth of its communities, and the opportunities it presents ensure that there’s always something new to discover.

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Population Characteristics

According to the latest census, Hamilton has a population of around 569,353 people. The city's population is in increased . Between 2016 and 2021, the population of Newfoundland and Labrador has increased by 6.04%.

Population in 2016Population in 2021Difference
536,917569,353 +6.04%

Population By Genders

The male population of Hamilton is around 279,640 while the female population is around 289,715.

Of the 569,353 total population in Hamilton, the largest gender is female with around 289,715 women within the population.

279,640289,715 +3.48%

Population by Age Characteristics

Hamilton has a young population. The majority of the population is people aged 30 to 34 years old, accounting for 7.30% of the total population. The city median age is 40.80.

30 to 34 years20,550 7.30%20,780 7.20% 1.11%41,330 7.30%
55 to 59 years20,155 7.20%20,775 7.20% 2.98%40,930 7.20%
25 to 29 years20,485 7.30%20,040 6.90% 2.17%40,525 7.10%
35 to 39 years19,225 6.90%19,720 6.80% 2.51%38,940 6.80%
60 to 64 years18,540 6.60%19,505 6.70% 4.95%38,045 6.70%
50 to 54 years17,900 6.40%18,770 6.50% 4.64%36,665 6.40%
20 to 24 years18,895 6.80%17,510 6.00% 7.33%36,405 6.40%
40 to 44 years17,125 6.10%17,900 6.20% 4.33%35,025 6.20%
45 to 49 years16,560 5.90%17,595 6.10% 5.88%34,155 6.00%
15 to 19 years16,530 5.90%15,265 5.30% 7.65%31,795 5.60%
65 to 69 years14,935 5.30%16,700 5.80% 10.57%31,630 5.60%
10 to 14 years16,190 5.80%15,260 5.30% 5.74%31,450 5.50%
5 to 9 years15,840 5.70%14,855 5.10% 6.22%30,695 5.40%
0 to 4 years14,920 5.30%14,180 4.90% 4.96%29,100 5.10%
70 to 74 years12,390 4.40%14,305 4.90% 13.39%26,700 4.70%
75 to 79 years8,390 3.00%9,895 3.40% 15.21%18,290 3.20%
85 years and over5,310 1.90%9,370 3.20% 43.33%14,685 2.60%
80 to 84 years5,705 2.00%7,280 2.50% 21.63%12,990 2.30%
85 to 89 years3,420 1.20%5,330 1.80% 35.83%8,750 1.50%
90 to 94 years1,490 0.50%2,945 1.00% 49.41%4,435 0.80%
95 to 99 years380 0.10%960 0.30% 60.42%1,340 0.20%
100 years and over25 0.00%135 0.00% 81.48%155 0.00%

Broader Age Groups

If the city's population is divided into broader age groups, most of the population falls into the 15 to 64 years age group. The group accounts for 65.70% of the population. The other age groups, 65 years and over and 0 to 14 years, account for 18.30% and 16.00%, respectively.

If we look at the population data from the broader age groups, we can see that most people in Hamilton are within the 15 to 64 years age group.

15 to 64 years66.50%64.80%65.70%
Average age of the population40.40%42.60%41.50%
Median age of the population39.20%42.00%40.80%
65 years and over16.70%19.90%18.30%
0 to 14 years16.80%15.30%16.00%

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Population of Hamilton by Ethnicity and Origin

The population of Hamilton is quite diverse, which contributes to the city's vibrant cultural landscape. Hamilton is inclusive and accepts various ethnic groups with open arms. Furthermore, the province appreciates the unique contributions that each ethnicity brings.

The top 5 ethnicities and origins in the province are English, which accounts for 19.84% of the total population, followed by Scottish (16.15%), Irish (15.04%), Canadian (12.50%), and Italian (10.91%).

Other ethnicities and origins in Newfoundland and Labrador include German, French, Polish, Dutch, and British Isles.

Ethnicity and OriginMaleFemalePercentage in Population
British Isles3.88%4.04%3.96%

Household and Dwelling Characteristics

About 125,130 of Hamilton's population live in a single-detached house. In addition, most of them are living in 2 persons household.

Household Size

About 16.05% of the population lives in 2 persons households. 1 person households ranked second, accounting for 13.95% of the population. 3 persons, 4 persons, and 5 or more persons households account for 7.95%, 7.35%, and 4.75%, respectively.

Number of Person(s) in HouseholdTotalPercentage
2 persons71,46016.05%
1 person62,11013.95%
3 persons35,3257.95%
4 persons32,6907.35%
5 or more persons21,2204.75%

Income in Hamilton

Analyzing income distribution in Hamilton can help us better understand its socioeconomic dynamics.

Per Capita Income

According to 2020 data, the median personal income within Hamilton is $40,400.

A region's per capita data sheds light on the average income earned per person living in it. Since per capita income is calculated by dividing the region's total income by its population, it quantifies the population's economic situation on an individual basis.

Such data offers insights into the city's economic performance, spread of income across individuals, quality of life, as well as disparities within its borders.

Most of Hamilton population or around 331,745 people falls in the $10,000 to $29,999 group. The next largest groups are the $30,000 to $49,999, and $50,000 to $79,999 with around 292,315 and 262,170 people, respectively.

Household Income

The Hamilton's median household income is $86,000, according to 2020 data.

The data provides important insights into the city's economic landscape as well as the living standards of its population.

Analyzing such data enables researchers, policymakers, and businesses to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the city's income distribution, disparities, and trends.

Education Levels in Hamilton

This data sheds light on the distribution of Hamilton residents across educational milestones.

Such information is crucial in shaping the province’s policies on education, workforce development strategies, and initiatives that aim to improve access to quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities.

59.95% or most of the Hamilton population has a Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. 28.10% of the population has a Bachelor's degree or higher, 26.30% has a High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate, and 13.80% has No certificate, diploma or degree.

Only using 25% sample data.
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree213,225241,845455,07059.95%
Bachelor's degree or higher94,190118,240212,43028.10%
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate107,17098,650205,82526.30%
No certificate, diploma or degree57,35554,945112,30013.80%

Employment in Hamilton

This dataset provides a snapshot of employment trends in Hamilton. It encompasses a wide range of sectors, industries, as well as job categories.

The data shows that the unemployment rate in Newfoundland and Labrador is at 7.64% which is quite high.

Only using 25% sample data.
Employment rate54.29%
Unemployment rate7.64%

Working as an Employee

The table shows the data on the total number of individuals in the city who work as an employee. The majority of Hamilton's population (around 71.80%) are working permanent position as an employee.


In the city, there are 23,300 men and 13,695 women working as self-employed individuals, bringing the total number to 36,990.

Only using 25% sample data.

Employment Industry Sectors

The Hamilton industry employment sector census data offers insights into the region's economic landscape. The distribution of employment in Hamilton is categorized and quantified, which reveals the region's economic composition.

Hamilton has a wide range of industries. Most of its population (14%) works in the health care and social assistance sector. The Retail trade sector comes second at 11%, followed by Manufacturing at 11%.

Only using 25% sample data.
Health care and social assistance7,74533,77014%
Retail trade15,43517,31011%
Educational services8,43516,4159%
Professional, scientific and technical services11,2708,8807%
Accommodation and food services6,7959,0756%
Transportation and warehousing10,6453,2655%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services8,0605,6755%
Public administration6,2356,0104%
Other services (except public administration)5,8256,0904%
Finance and insurance4,9656,3104%
Wholesale trade7,1903,0154%
Information and cultural industries3,3002,2252%
Real estate and rental and leasing2,8602,4352%
Arts, entertainment and recreation2,6652,4002%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1,5701,3101%
Management of companies and enterprises2853750%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction335800%

Places of Work

The data offers insights into the commuting patterns as well as workplace distribution in the city. It provides a snapshot of workplaces, showing their geographic distribution and the flow of workers across different areas.

Only using 25% sample data.
Work LocationMenWomenTotalPercentage
Usual place of work80,60078,830159,43562.50%
Worked at home29,36034,77064,13525.10%
No fixed workplace address23,0707,77530,84512.10%
Worked outside Canada4801856700.30%


The data sheds light on how Hamilton residents travel to school or work. It highlights the frequency of different modes of transportation like walking, cycling, carpooling, and public transit.

The data is pivotal in the making of transportation policies as well as the development of transit systems. Ultimately commuting data contributes to improving the quality of life of Hamilton residents and sustainable urban planning.

Commuting Duration

This data reveals the average time that the residents of Hamilton spend traveling to their workplaces. It also sheds light on the efficiency of the city's public transit systems, and road networks, as well as the accessibility of the city.

Only using 25% sample data.
15 to 29 minutes40.10%
Less than 15 minutes25.20%
30 to 44 minutes18.40%
60 minutes and over8.50%
45 to 59 minutes7.90%

Marital Status

The statistics on marital status in Hamiltonshed light on its societal dynamics. It captures the diverse types of marital statuses of the population.

Long-term commitments, such as common-law partnerships, civil unions, and marriages, reflect the city's social fabric. We can gain insights into Hamilton's changing preferences and norms by examining the trends in marital status.

Married or living common-law
Married or living common-law

Language Spoken

The data below highlights city's linguistic diversity, showing elegances of solo language as well as bilingual harmonies. Other than language, it also shows the cultural landscape in Canada.

English is the most spoken official language in Hamilton. About 545,085 people living in the province speak English, 10,130 people speak Neither English nor French, 6,410 people speak French language, and 2,195 people speak English and French language.

Neither English nor French10,130
English and French2,195


Hamilton is predominantly Christian. About 309,780 of its population is Christian (144,770 males and 144,770 females).

The second largest religion in the province is Muslim with 6.8% of the population adhering to the religion. There are also Hindu and Sikh, both represent 1.8% and 1.3% of the population, while Buddhist represent 0.8% of the population.