Ottawa, Ontario Population Data & Statistics

This is the population and demographic data and statistics for Ottawa, a city in Canada with a land area of 2,788.20 km2 and has a population density of 364.90 people per km2.

The data includes average age, age distribution, marital status, individual and household income, spoken languages, employment and unemployment rates, occupations, religion, and various other characteristics.

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Population Characteristics

Based on the latest census, it is estimated the total population in Ottawa is around 1,017,449 people.

On the table below, we can see that the total population of Ottawa in 2021 census have increased 8.91% compared to the 2016 census.

Population in 2016Population in 2021Difference
934,2431,017,449 +8.91%

Population By Genders

Of the 1,017,449 total population in Ottawa, the largest gender is female with around 521,405 women within the population.

496,045521,405 +4.86%

Population by Age Characteristics

Of the 934,243 population in Ottawa, majority of them are in the age of 25 to 29 years years old, with 7.40% of them are male and 7.00% female. While the median age of the whole population is 40.00.

0 to 4 years24,600 5.00%24,195 4.60% 1.65%48,790 4.80%
5 to 9 years29,290 5.90%28,125 5.40% 3.98%57,410 5.60%
10 to 14 years30,930 6.20%29,790 5.70% 3.69%60,720 6.00%
15 to 19 years30,685 6.20%29,705 5.70% 3.19%60,385 5.90%
20 to 24 years35,910 7.20%34,875 6.70% 2.88%70,785 7.00%
25 to 29 years36,540 7.40%36,295 7.00% 0.67%72,830 7.20%
30 to 34 years34,670 7.00%35,520 6.80% 2.39%70,190 6.90%
35 to 39 years33,780 6.80%35,735 6.90% 5.47%69,520 6.80%
40 to 44 years31,520 6.40%34,370 6.60% 8.29%65,890 6.50%
45 to 49 years31,705 6.40%34,540 6.60% 8.21%66,240 6.50%
50 to 54 years32,775 6.60%34,490 6.60% 4.97%67,265 6.60%
55 to 59 years35,225 7.10%36,235 6.90% 2.79%71,465 7.00%
60 to 64 years30,710 6.20%33,090 6.30% 7.19%63,795 6.30%
65 to 69 years24,910 5.00%27,445 5.30% 9.24%52,355 5.10%
70 to 74 years21,150 4.30%24,230 4.60% 12.71%45,375 4.50%
75 to 79 years14,100 2.80%16,840 3.20% 16.27%30,940 3.00%
80 to 84 years9,190 1.90%11,890 2.30% 22.71%21,080 2.10%
85 years and over8,350 1.70%14,050 2.70% 40.57%22,395 2.20%
85 to 89 years5,445 1.10%7,940 1.50% 31.42%13,385 1.30%
90 to 94 years2,305 0.50%4,470 0.90% 48.43%6,775 0.70%
95 to 99 years540 0.10%1,415 0.30% 61.84%1,960 0.20%
100 years and over55 0.00%220 0.00% 75.00%275 0.00%

Broader Age Groups

If we look at the population data from the broader age groups, we can see that most people in Ottawa are within the 15 to 64 years age group.

0 to 14 years17.10%15.70%16.40%
15 to 64 years67.20%66.10%66.70%
65 years and over15.70%18.10%16.90%
Average age of the population39.80%41.50%40.70%
Median age of the population38.80%40.80%40.00%

Explore Ottawa Through Videos

Population of Ottawa by Ethnicity and Origin

In Ottawa, the population data reflects a diverse range of ethnicities, contributing to the vibrant cultural landscape. Ottawa embraces various ethnic groups, each adding to its dynamic societal fabric.

The population statistics underscore the importance of this multicultural diversity, emphasizing Ottawa's dedication to inclusivity and the appreciation of distinct contributions that each ethnicity brings to the shared narrative of the area.

Here are the top 10 ethnicities in Ottawa.

Ethnicity and OriginMaleFemalePercentage in Population
British Isles3.85%3.89%3.87%
French Canadian3.14%3.42%3.28%

Household and Dwelling Characteristics

Of the population in Ottawa, which totals 934,243, the majority, consisting of 169,760 people live in a single-detached house. Additionally, the majority of them are living in households with a size of 2 persons.

Household Size

Number of Person(s) in HouseholdTotalPercentage
1 person116,37014.30%
2 persons135,36516.60%
3 persons61,7407.60%
4 persons59,1757.25%
5 or more persons34,6054.25%

Income in Ottawa

The population data in a region can offer valuable insights when analyzed in relation to income levels. By examining the income distribution within Ottawa, we can gain a deeper understanding of the socioeconomic dynamics at play.

Per Capita Income

The median individual income in Ottawa is $50,000 (according to the 2020 data).

Per capita income data in a region provides a comprehensive snapshot of the average income earned by each individual residing within that area. By dividing the total income generated in the region by its population, per capita income quantifies the economic well-being of the population on an individual basis.

This data not only reflects the region's overall economic performance but also offers insights into income distribution, quality of life, and potential disparities.

Household Income

The median household income in Ottawa is $102,000 (according to the 2020 data).

Household income data in a Ottawa provides crucial insights into the economic landscape and living standards of its residents. By analyzing this data, policymakers, researchers, and businesses in Canada gain a comprehensive understanding of income distribution, socioeconomic disparities, and trends within Ottawa.

Education Levels in Ottawa

This data captures the distribution of individuals across various educational milestones, such as high school diplomas, college degrees, and beyond.

This information is pivotal in shaping educational policies, workforce development strategies, and initiatives aimed at enhancing access to quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities within Ottawa.

Only using 25% sample data.
Bachelor's degree or higher287,485326,925614,40045.45%
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate148,515139,295287,81020.30%
No certificate, diploma or degree61,57060,645122,2158.30%
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree458,280509,130967,41571.35%

Employment in Ottawa

This comprehensive dataset offers a detailed snapshot of Ottawa's employment trends, encompassing various sectors, industries, and job categories.

From the table below, we can see that unemployment rate is only at 6.81% which is quite high acccording to experts.

Only using 25% sample data.
Employment rate59.12%
Unemployment rate6.81%

Working as an Employee

This table provides the data on how many people in Ottawa working as an employee. Most of them (70.40%) are working permanent position as an employee.


On the other hand, this table provides the data on how many people in Ottawa working self-employed.

Only using 25% sample data.

Employment Industry Sectors

The industry employment sectors census data provides valuable insights into the diverse economic landscape of a specific region in Ottawa. By categorizing and quantifying the distribution of employment across various sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, technology, education, and more, this data illuminates the region's economic composition.

As we can see from the table below, most of the people (21%) in Ottawa are working in the public administration sector.

Only using 25% sample data.
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1,5009550%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction4501000%
Wholesale trade7,9602,9652%
Retail trade27,59525,76010%
Transportation and warehousing14,5004,0853%
Information and cultural industries7,9004,8852%
Finance and insurance9,0859,3253%
Real estate and rental and leasing4,7803,9802%
Professional, scientific and technical services38,04523,79011%
Management of companies and enterprises4304050%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services13,8358,4654%
Educational services13,80028,2108%
Health care and social assistance14,36048,50011%
Arts, entertainment and recreation4,8754,8002%
Accommodation and food services13,89514,0755%
Other services (except public administration)8,79011,7254%
Public administration56,63059,60021%

Places of Work

data provides valuable insights into commuting patterns and workplace distribution within Ottawa. This data offers a comprehensive view of where individuals are employed, shedding light on the geographic distribution of workplaces and the flow of workers across various areas.

Only using 25% sample data.
Work LocationMenWomenTotalPercentage
Worked at home104,575111,125215,70543.70%
Worked outside Canada1,1256201,7450.40%
No fixed workplace address32,43010,64543,0708.70%
Usual place of work116,485116,145232,62547.20%


This data reveals crucial information about how residents in Ottawa travel to work or school, highlighting the prevalence of various modes of transportation such as carpooling, public transit, cycling, and walking.

This data aids in the formulation of targeted transportation policies and the development of efficient transit systems, ultimately contributing to sustainable urban planning and enhancing the overall quality of life for residents in the region.

Commuting Duration

The commuting duration captures the average time individuals spend traveling to their workplaces, shedding light on the efficiency of public transit systems, road networks, and the overall accessibility of the region.

Only using 25% sample data.
Less than 15 minutes26.90%
15 to 29 minutes42.20%
30 to 44 minutes20.10%
45 to 59 minutes5.80%
60 minutes and over5.10%

Marital Status

Delving into the marital status statistics within Ottawa offers a multifaceted lens onto societal dynamics. This intricate data repository encapsulates the diverse array of marital bonds within the locale.

Long-term commitments, such as marriages, civil unions, and common-law partnerships, coalesce into a mosaic that mirrors the region's social fabric. By examining trends in marital status, we can discern evolving norms and preferences around Ottawa area, gauging the ebb and flow between tradition and modernity.

Married or living common-law
Married or living common-law

Language Spoken

This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

In Ottawa, the most used official language is English. Around 824,560 people in the area speak English.

English and French25,845
Neither English nor French15,000


This gathered data offers a panoramic view of linguistic diversity, showcasing bilingual harmonies and solo language elegances. Beyond mere language, this data narrates the symphony of Canada's cultural landscape.

The most common religion in Ottawa is Christian. Around 528,700 people in Ottawa are Christian (244,560 males and 244,560 females).