Thunder Bay, Ontario Population Data & Demographics

This article shows the demographic data and statistics of Thunder Bay. It is a city in Canada that encompasses a land area of 327.77 km2. The city has a population density of 332.10 people per km2.

We highlight the Thunder Bay city's various population characteristics. From gender, age distribution, ethnicity, household and dwelling, and income to spoken languages, occupation, and religion.

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Population Characteristics

According to the latest census, Thunder Bay has a population of around 108,843 people. The city's population is in increased . Between 2016 and 2021, the population of Newfoundland and Labrador has increased by 0.87%.

Population in 2016Population in 2021Difference
107,909108,843 +0.87%

Population By Genders

The male population of Thunder Bay is around 53,505 while the female population is around 55,330.

Of the 108,843 total population in Thunder Bay, the largest gender is female with around 55,330 women within the population.

53,50555,330 +3.30%

Population by Age Characteristics

Thunder Bay has an aging population. The majority of the population is people aged 60 to 64 years old, accounting for 7.70% of the total population. The city median age is 44.00.

60 to 64 years4,035 7.50%4,360 7.90% 7.45%8,390 7.70%
25 to 29 years4,160 7.80%3,910 7.10% 6.01%8,070 7.40%
55 to 59 years3,860 7.20%4,130 7.50% 6.54%7,990 7.30%
20 to 24 years3,895 7.30%3,430 6.20% 11.94%7,325 6.70%
65 to 69 years3,480 6.50%3,730 6.70% 6.70%7,215 6.60%
30 to 34 years3,565 6.70%3,405 6.20% 4.49%6,970 6.40%
50 to 54 years3,265 6.10%3,520 6.40% 7.24%6,785 6.20%
35 to 39 years3,250 6.10%3,245 5.90% 0.15%6,500 6.00%
70 to 74 years2,970 5.60%3,285 5.90% 9.59%6,255 5.70%
45 to 49 years3,075 5.70%3,165 5.70% 2.84%6,235 5.70%
40 to 44 years2,870 5.40%3,050 5.50% 5.90%5,920 5.40%
10 to 14 years2,750 5.10%2,680 4.80% 2.55%5,435 5.00%
15 to 19 years2,775 5.20%2,625 4.70% 5.41%5,405 5.00%
5 to 9 years2,720 5.10%2,445 4.40% 10.11%5,165 4.70%
0 to 4 years2,440 4.60%2,380 4.30% 2.46%4,825 4.40%
75 to 79 years1,875 3.50%2,200 4.00% 14.77%4,075 3.70%
85 years and over1,255 2.30%2,065 3.70% 39.23%3,320 3.10%
80 to 84 years1,255 2.30%1,705 3.10% 26.39%2,960 2.70%
85 to 89 years835 1.60%1,170 2.10% 28.63%2,005 1.80%
90 to 94 years350 0.70%670 1.20% 47.76%1,020 0.90%
95 to 99 years70 0.10%200 0.40% 65.00%265 0.20%

Broader Age Groups

If the city's population is divided into broader age groups, most of the population falls into the 15 to 64 years age group. The group accounts for 63.90% of the population. The other age groups, 65 years and over and 0 to 14 years, account for 21.90% and 14.20%, respectively.

If we look at the population data from the broader age groups, we can see that most people in Thunder Bay are within the 15 to 64 years age group.

Median age of the population42.00%45.60%44.00%
Average age of the population42.50%44.90%43.70%
65 years and over20.30%23.50%21.90%
0 to 14 years14.80%13.60%14.20%

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Population of Thunder Bay by Ethnicity and Origin

The population of Thunder Bay is quite diverse, which contributes to the city's vibrant cultural landscape. Thunder Bay is inclusive and accepts various ethnic groups with open arms. Furthermore, the province appreciates the unique contributions that each ethnicity brings.

The top 5 ethnicities and origins in the province are English, which accounts for 22.62% of the total population, followed by Scottish (19.32%), Irish (17.95%), Italian (14.28%), and French (13.58%).

Other ethnicities and origins in Newfoundland and Labrador include Ukrainian, Canadian, Finnish, German, and Polish.

Ethnicity and OriginMaleFemalePercentage in Population

Household and Dwelling Characteristics

About 31,685 of Thunder Bay's population live in a single-detached house. In addition, most of them are living in 2 persons household.

Household Size

About 17.50% of the population lives in 2 persons households. 1 person households ranked second, accounting for 17.30% of the population. 3 persons, 4 persons, and 5 or more persons households account for 6.90%, 5.55%, and 2.70%, respectively.

Number of Person(s) in HouseholdTotalPercentage
2 persons16,96017.50%
1 person16,76517.30%
3 persons6,6706.90%
4 persons5,3855.55%
5 or more persons2,6252.70%

Income in Thunder Bay

Analyzing income distribution in Thunder Bay can help us better understand its socioeconomic dynamics.

Per Capita Income

According to 2020 data, the median personal income within Thunder Bay is $42,800.

A region's per capita data sheds light on the average income earned per person living in it. Since per capita income is calculated by dividing the region's total income by its population, it quantifies the population's economic situation on an individual basis.

Such data offers insights into the city's economic performance, spread of income across individuals, quality of life, as well as disparities within its borders.

Most of Thunder Bay population or around 61,700 people falls in the $10,000 to $29,999 group. The next largest groups are the $30,000 to $49,999, and $50,000 to $79,999 with around 60,360 and 54,895 people, respectively.

Household Income

The Thunder Bay's median household income is $77,500, according to 2020 data.

The data provides important insights into the city's economic landscape as well as the living standards of its population.

Analyzing such data enables researchers, policymakers, and businesses to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the city's income distribution, disparities, and trends.

Education Levels in Thunder Bay

This data sheds light on the distribution of Thunder Bay residents across educational milestones.

Such information is crucial in shaping the province’s policies on education, workforce development strategies, and initiatives that aim to improve access to quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities.

59.55% or most of the Thunder Bay population has a Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. 26.70% of the population has a High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate, 24.95% has a Bachelor's degree or higher, and 13.75% has No certificate, diploma or degree.

Only using 25% sample data.
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree40,80545,50086,30559.55%
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate20,12019,55539,68026.70%
Bachelor's degree or higher15,59020,35035,94524.95%
No certificate, diploma or degree11,18010,23021,41513.75%

Employment in Thunder Bay

This dataset provides a snapshot of employment trends in Thunder Bay. It encompasses a wide range of sectors, industries, as well as job categories.

The data shows that the unemployment rate in Newfoundland and Labrador is at 6.53% which is quite high.

Only using 25% sample data.
Employment rate51.95%
Unemployment rate6.53%

Working as an Employee

The table shows the data on the total number of individuals in the city who work as an employee. The majority of Thunder Bay's population (around 73.80%) are working permanent position as an employee.


In the city, there are 2,765 men and 1,710 women working as self-employed individuals, bringing the total number to 4,475.

Only using 25% sample data.

Employment Industry Sectors

The Thunder Bay industry employment sector census data offers insights into the region's economic landscape. The distribution of employment in Thunder Bay is categorized and quantified, which reveals the region's economic composition.

Thunder Bay has a wide range of industries. Most of its population (20%) works in the health care and social assistance sector. The Retail trade sector comes second at 13%, followed by Educational services at 9%.

Only using 25% sample data.
Health care and social assistance2,2208,46520%
Retail trade3,3853,51013%
Educational services1,6953,0259%
Public administration2,0101,8557%
Accommodation and food services1,7501,9857%
Transportation and warehousing2,4206006%
Professional, scientific and technical services1,6851,2806%
Other services (except public administration)1,2051,1454%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services1,2105503%
Finance and insurance4306702%
Wholesale trade8252552%
Information and cultural industries5303352%
Arts, entertainment and recreation4454002%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting5352552%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction6551252%
Real estate and rental and leasing3652151%
Management of companies and enterprises20100%

Places of Work

The data offers insights into the commuting patterns as well as workplace distribution in the city. It provides a snapshot of workplaces, showing their geographic distribution and the flow of workers across different areas.

Only using 25% sample data.
Work LocationMenWomenTotalPercentage
Usual place of work17,09517,10034,19572.20%
Worked at home3,2004,7857,99016.90%
No fixed workplace address3,9101,2405,15510.90%
Worked outside Canada4025600.10%


The data sheds light on how Thunder Bay residents travel to school or work. It highlights the frequency of different modes of transportation like walking, cycling, carpooling, and public transit.

The data is pivotal in the making of transportation policies as well as the development of transit systems. Ultimately commuting data contributes to improving the quality of life of Thunder Bay residents and sustainable urban planning.

Commuting Duration

This data reveals the average time that the residents of Thunder Bay spend traveling to their workplaces. It also sheds light on the efficiency of the city's public transit systems, and road networks, as well as the accessibility of the city.

Only using 25% sample data.
Less than 15 minutes53.10%
15 to 29 minutes37.30%
30 to 44 minutes5.60%
60 minutes and over2.60%
45 to 59 minutes1.40%

Marital Status

The statistics on marital status in Thunder Bayshed light on its societal dynamics. It captures the diverse types of marital statuses of the population.

Long-term commitments, such as common-law partnerships, civil unions, and marriages, reflect the city's social fabric. We can gain insights into Thunder Bay's changing preferences and norms by examining the trends in marital status.

Married or living common-law
Married or living common-law

Language Spoken

The data below highlights city's linguistic diversity, showing elegances of solo language as well as bilingual harmonies. Other than language, it also shows the cultural landscape in Canada.

English is the most spoken official language in Thunder Bay. About 104,655 people living in the province speak English, 1,925 people speak French, 455 people speak Neither English nor French language, and 150 people speak English and French language.

Neither English nor French455
English and French150


Thunder Bay is predominantly Christian. About 59,765 of its population is Christian (27,540 males and 27,540 females).

The second largest religion in the province is Hindu with 1.1% of the population adhering to the religion. There are also Muslim and Buddhist, both represent 0.9% and 0.2% of the population, while Sikh represent 0.2% of the population.