Waterloo, Ontario Population Data & Demographics

This article shows the demographic data and statistics of Waterloo. It is a city in Canada that encompasses a land area of 64.06 km2. The city has a population density of 1895.80 people per km2.

We highlight the Waterloo city's various population characteristics. From gender, age distribution, ethnicity, household and dwelling, and income to spoken languages, occupation, and religion.

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Population Characteristics

According to the latest census, Waterloo has a population of around 121,436 people. The city's population is in increased . Between 2016 and 2021, the population of Newfoundland and Labrador has increased by 15.67%.

Population in 2016Population in 2021Difference
104,986121,436 +15.67%

Population By Genders

The male population of Waterloo is around 61,235 while the female population is around 60,200.

Of the 121,436 total population in Waterloo, the largest gender is male with around 61,235 women within the population.

61,23560,200 +1.69%

Population by Age Characteristics

Waterloo has a young population. The majority of the population is people aged 20 to 24 years old, accounting for 11.60% of the total population. The city median age is 36.00.

20 to 24 years7,605 12.40%6,510 10.80% 14.40%14,110 11.60%
25 to 29 years6,320 10.30%4,820 8.00% 23.73%11,145 9.20%
30 to 34 years4,370 7.10%3,890 6.50% 10.98%8,260 6.80%
15 to 19 years4,255 6.90%4,000 6.60% 5.99%8,250 6.80%
50 to 54 years3,700 6.00%3,930 6.50% 5.85%7,625 6.30%
55 to 59 years3,695 6.00%3,875 6.40% 4.65%7,575 6.20%
35 to 39 years3,665 6.00%3,660 6.10% 0.14%7,330 6.00%
45 to 49 years3,430 5.60%3,770 6.30% 9.02%7,200 5.90%
40 to 44 years3,355 5.50%3,565 5.90% 5.89%6,915 5.70%
10 to 14 years3,435 5.60%3,235 5.40% 5.82%6,670 5.50%
60 to 64 years3,285 5.40%3,380 5.60% 2.81%6,665 5.50%
5 to 9 years3,110 5.10%2,850 4.70% 8.36%5,960 4.90%
65 to 69 years2,520 4.10%2,935 4.90% 14.14%5,455 4.50%
0 to 4 years2,615 4.30%2,400 4.00% 8.22%5,015 4.10%
70 to 74 years2,135 3.50%2,565 4.30% 16.76%4,700 3.90%
75 to 79 years1,500 2.40%1,780 3.00% 15.73%3,280 2.70%
85 years and over1,175 1.90%1,650 2.70% 28.79%2,820 2.30%
80 to 84 years1,070 1.70%1,390 2.30% 23.02%2,455 2.00%
85 to 89 years715 1.20%895 1.50% 20.11%1,615 1.30%
90 to 94 years410 0.70%525 0.90% 21.90%930 0.80%
95 to 99 years45 0.10%200 0.30% 77.50%250 0.20%

Broader Age Groups

If the city's population is divided into broader age groups, most of the population falls into the 15 to 64 years age group. The group accounts for 70.10% of the population. The other age groups, 65 years and over and 0 to 14 years, account for 15.40% and 14.50%, respectively.

If we look at the population data from the broader age groups, we can see that most people in Waterloo are within the 15 to 64 years age group.

Average age of the population37.90%40.50%39.20%
Median age of the population33.60%38.40%36.00%
65 years and over13.70%17.10%15.40%
0 to 14 years15.00%14.10%14.50%

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Population of Waterloo by Ethnicity and Origin

The population of Waterloo is quite diverse, which contributes to the city's vibrant cultural landscape. Waterloo is inclusive and accepts various ethnic groups with open arms. Furthermore, the province appreciates the unique contributions that each ethnicity brings.

The top 5 ethnicities and origins in the province are German, which accounts for 17.86% of the total population, followed by English (17.00%), Scottish (14.64%), Irish (14.27%), and Canadian (10.17%).

Other ethnicities and origins in Newfoundland and Labrador include Chinese, Indian (India), French, British Isles, and Polish.

Ethnicity and OriginMaleFemalePercentage in Population
Indian (India)7.32%5.53%6.44%
British Isles4.08%4.18%4.13%

Household and Dwelling Characteristics

About 23,145 of Waterloo's population live in a single-detached house. In addition, most of them are living in 2 persons household.

Household Size

About 16.70% of the population lives in 2 persons households. 1 person households ranked second, accounting for 13.00% of the population. 3 persons, 4 persons, and 5 or more persons households account for 8.05%, 8.00%, and 4.25%, respectively.

Number of Person(s) in HouseholdTotalPercentage
2 persons15,71016.70%
1 person12,25013.00%
3 persons7,5608.05%
4 persons7,5058.00%
5 or more persons4,0204.25%

Income in Waterloo

Analyzing income distribution in Waterloo can help us better understand its socioeconomic dynamics.

Per Capita Income

According to 2020 data, the median personal income within Waterloo is $41,600.

A region's per capita data sheds light on the average income earned per person living in it. Since per capita income is calculated by dividing the region's total income by its population, it quantifies the population's economic situation on an individual basis.

Such data offers insights into the city's economic performance, spread of income across individuals, quality of life, as well as disparities within its borders.

Most of Waterloo population or around 67,600 people falls in the $10,000 to $29,999 group. The next largest groups are the $30,000 to $49,999, and $50,000 to $79,999 with around 53,055 and 50,505 people, respectively.

Household Income

The Waterloo's median household income is $94,000, according to 2020 data.

The data provides important insights into the city's economic landscape as well as the living standards of its population.

Analyzing such data enables researchers, policymakers, and businesses to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the city's income distribution, disparities, and trends.

Education Levels in Waterloo

This data sheds light on the distribution of Waterloo residents across educational milestones.

Such information is crucial in shaping the province’s policies on education, workforce development strategies, and initiatives that aim to improve access to quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities.

71.55% or most of the Waterloo population has a Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. 49.05% of the population has a Bachelor's degree or higher, 21.00% has a High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate, and 7.45% has No certificate, diploma or degree.

Only using 25% sample data.
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree56,96557,040114,02071.55%
Bachelor's degree or higher38,85038,99077,83549.05%
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate18,44017,41035,84521.00%
No certificate, diploma or degree6,7606,45013,2057.45%

Employment in Waterloo

This dataset provides a snapshot of employment trends in Waterloo. It encompasses a wide range of sectors, industries, as well as job categories.

The data shows that the unemployment rate in Newfoundland and Labrador is at 7.84% which is quite high.

Only using 25% sample data.
Employment rate57.58%
Unemployment rate7.84%

Working as an Employee

The table shows the data on the total number of individuals in the city who work as an employee. The majority of Waterloo's population (around 68.60%) are working permanent position as an employee.


In the city, there are 4,725 men and 3,040 women working as self-employed individuals, bringing the total number to 7,775.

Only using 25% sample data.

Employment Industry Sectors

The Waterloo industry employment sector census data offers insights into the region's economic landscape. The distribution of employment in Waterloo is categorized and quantified, which reveals the region's economic composition.

Waterloo has a wide range of industries. Most of its population (14%) works in the professional, scientific and technical services sector. The Educational services sector comes second at 13%, followed by Manufacturing at 10%.

Only using 25% sample data.
Professional, scientific and technical services5,7603,18014%
Educational services3,6155,16013%
Retail trade3,3553,15510%
Health care and social assistance1,2954,3759%
Finance and insurance2,2602,7908%
Accommodation and food services1,6201,8005%
Information and cultural industries1,5709904%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services1,4009904%
Other services (except public administration)8501,0703%
Transportation and warehousing1,4804403%
Wholesale trade1,2856153%
Public administration9359603%
Real estate and rental and leasing5904802%
Arts, entertainment and recreation4604801%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting2301401%
Management of companies and enterprises1651801%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction50150%

Places of Work

The data offers insights into the commuting patterns as well as workplace distribution in the city. It provides a snapshot of workplaces, showing their geographic distribution and the flow of workers across different areas.

Only using 25% sample data.
Work LocationMenWomenTotalPercentage
Usual place of work16,31513,75030,06551.80%
Worked at home12,23011,15023,38040.30%
No fixed workplace address3,0901,1804,2757.40%
Worked outside Canada2251053250.60%


The data sheds light on how Waterloo residents travel to school or work. It highlights the frequency of different modes of transportation like walking, cycling, carpooling, and public transit.

The data is pivotal in the making of transportation policies as well as the development of transit systems. Ultimately commuting data contributes to improving the quality of life of Waterloo residents and sustainable urban planning.

Commuting Duration

This data reveals the average time that the residents of Waterloo spend traveling to their workplaces. It also sheds light on the efficiency of the city's public transit systems, and road networks, as well as the accessibility of the city.

Only using 25% sample data.
15 to 29 minutes41.40%
Less than 15 minutes36.80%
30 to 44 minutes12.90%
60 minutes and over5.60%
45 to 59 minutes3.40%

Marital Status

The statistics on marital status in Waterlooshed light on its societal dynamics. It captures the diverse types of marital statuses of the population.

Long-term commitments, such as common-law partnerships, civil unions, and marriages, reflect the city's social fabric. We can gain insights into Waterloo's changing preferences and norms by examining the trends in marital status.

Married or living common-law
Married or living common-law

Language Spoken

The data below highlights city's linguistic diversity, showing elegances of solo language as well as bilingual harmonies. Other than language, it also shows the cultural landscape in Canada.

English is the most spoken official language in Waterloo. About 116,070 people living in the province speak English, 2,020 people speak Neither English nor French, 1,100 people speak French language, and 790 people speak English and French language.

Neither English nor French2,020
English and French790


Waterloo is predominantly Christian. About 54,215 of its population is Christian (25,620 males and 25,620 females).

The second largest religion in the province is Muslim with 8.1% of the population adhering to the religion. There are also Hindu and Sikh, both represent 4.7% and 1.2% of the population, while Buddhist represent 1.1% of the population.